Article 34

You have the right to be protected from sexual abuse.

Content note: This article discusses sexual abuse and sexual violence.

Article 34 of the UNCRC says that children and young people have the right to be protected from sexual abuse. They have this right whether they're male or female, and regardless of who they're attracted to.

If a child or young person has a disability, the government should make sure they are protected from sexual abuse. The government should also do this for refugees.

Being married before being legally old enough is a form of sexual abuse. Children and young people have a right to be protected from this.

A right to recover

If a child or young person is  a survivor of sexual abuse, they have the right to recover from it and the right to get help to do so.

Related articles

Article 19

Children and young people should be protected from all kinds of violence, including sexual violence.

Article 20

If a child or young person experiences sexual violence in a place they live, they should be able to move somewhere else.

Article 22

People should be aware of how being a refugee can increase the risk a child or young person will suffer sexual violence.

Article 23

People should be aware of how having a disability can increase the risk a child or young person will suffer sexual violence.

Article 32

A child or young person's work shouldn't put them at risk of sexual violence. 

Article 35

Children and young people shouldn't be trafficked, abducted or sold.

Article 39

If a child or young person is a survivor of sexual violence, they have the right to care that helps them recover.

Full text

This article is a simplified version of Article 34 of the UNCRC. The full text of the Article can be found below:

States Parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. For these purposes, States Parties shall in particular take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent:
(a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexual activity;
(b) The exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices;
(c) The exploitative use of children in pornographic performances and materials.

Links

Advice line

The Commissioner's office has an advice line that answers questions about children’s rights and child welfare.