Article 30

I have a right to speak my own language and to follow my family’s way of life.

Article 30 of the UNCRC makes it clear that children and young people who belong to a minority group have the right to share their culture, language and religion with other people in that group.

While most of what Article 30 says is implied by other Articles of the UNCRC, it exists to makes clear that the rights of minority children and young people should not be overlooked by people who think about how to put the Convention into practice. It applies to everyone in Scotland and not just its citizens— so refugees in the process of seeking asylum are covered by it in the same way as everybody else.

What Article 30 doesn’t say

Article 30 doesn’t say that a child or young person's culture or religion can be used to override their rights as given in the UNCRC. In particular, children and young have the right to be protected from practices that are likely to cause them harm, regardless of whether they are part of their culture.

Related articles

Article 5

The responsibility the extended family or community has for a child or young person should be respected.

Article 8

Children and young people have the right for their identity to be preserved as they develop.

Article 20

If a child or young person lives away from home, they should still be able to practice their culture and religion and speak their own language.

Article 22

Refugees should have special protection.

Article 24

Children and young people should be protected from traditional practices that damage their health.

Article 29

Education should develop a child or young person's respect for other cultures.

Article 40

If they need one, a child or young person has a right to an interpreter in the juvenile justice system.

Full text

This article is a simplified version of Article 30 of the UNCRC. The full text of the Article can be found below:

In those States in which ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities or persons of indigenous origin exist, a child belonging to such a minority or who is indigenous shall not be denied the right, in community with other members of his or her group, to enjoy his or her own culture, to profess and practise his or her own religion, or to use his or her own language.