Article 28

I have the right to an education.

Article 28 of the UNCRC says that children and young people have the right to education no matter who they are, regardless of race, gender or disability; if they’re in detention, or if they’re a refugee.

Children and young people have the right to both primary and secondary education, and should be able to choose different subjects when in secondary school. This should include the option of technical and vocational training, so they shouldn’t have to focus on academic subjects if they don't want to.

Education and the government

The government should support children and young people in education. It should:

  • make efforts to reduce dropout rates from school
  • make sure teachers can’t use violence against children or young people
  • make sure teachers don’t publically humiliate children or young people
  • make sure children or young people aren't bullied by their teachers or classmates.

Related articles

Article 13

A child or young person's education should help them express themselves freely.

Article 14

A child or young person's education should help them develop their own beliefs. They should be able to freely express these beliefs in their place of education.

Article 16

A child or young person's privacy should be respected when they're at school.

Article 17

Children and young people should have access to a wide variety of information both in and out of school.

Article 19

Children and young people should be protected from violence at school.

Article 23

If a child or young person has a disability, they should be educated in a way that accommodates them.

Article 24

Children and young people should have access to high-quality education around health.

Article 29

Article 29 talks about the aims a child or young person's education should have.

Article 32

Article 32 says that a child or young person's work shouldn't interfere with their education.

Full text

This article is a simplified version of Article 28 of the UNCRC. The full text of the Article can be found below:

1. States Parties recognize the right of the child to education, and with a view to achieving this right progressively and on the basis of equal opportunity, they shall, in particular:
(a) Make primary education compulsory and available free to all;
(b) Encourage the development of different forms of secondary education, including general and vocational education, make them available and accessible to every child, and take appropriate measures such as the introduction of free education and offering financial assistance in case of need;
(c) Make higher education accessible to all on the basis of capacity by every appropriate means;
(d) Make educational and vocational information and guidance available and accessible to all children;
(e) Take measures to encourage regular attendance at schools and the reduction of drop-out rates.
2. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child's human dignity and in conformity with the present Convention.
3. States Parties shall promote and encourage international cooperation in matters relating to education, in particular with a view to contributing to the elimination of ignorance and illiteracy throughout the world and facilitating access to scientific and technical knowledge and modern teaching methods. In this regard, particular account shall be taken of the needs of developing countries.