If I am not living with my family, people should keep checking I am safe and happy.
Article 25 of the UNCRC says that the State should check up on the care, protection and health of children and young people when they’re away from their families, and that steps should be taken to make these better if they aren’t good enough.
This article applies where a child or young person is in the State’s care and where they're in private institutions. It exists to protect a child or young person and their rights when they're away from your home, making sure their best interests are acted on.
Places covered by Article 25
Article 25 applies to everywhere that cares for children and young people, including places that don't have caring as their primary purpose.
Some places covered by Article 25 are:
- care homes
- the home, if a child or young person is adopted or in foster care
- residential schools
- boarding schools
- detention centres
- rehabilitation centres.
Article 25 in context
When countries follow Article 25, it can allow State care to be maintained to a higher standard than it might otherwise be, and can ensure other UNCRC rights are protected. It can also make sure that the best interests of a child or young person are protected while they remain in State care.
A right to a say
Article 25 is about monitoring the care children and young people receive as individuals, rather than the care of children and young people in general. Because of this, the opinions of each child and young person about their care should be taken into account when this care is assessed, and their opinions should be taken seriously.
Article 12 of the UNCRC covers having a say. Find out more about it.
As Article 20 covers what happens when a child or young person lives away from home, Article 25 is strongly related to it.
As Article 21 covers what happens when a child or young person lives in adoption or foster care, Article 25 is strongly related to it.
Article 25 applies just as strongly to refugees living away from home as it does to all other children and young people.
If a child or young person has a disability and lives away from home, checks should be made to make sure they're getting all the support they need.
When a child or young person lives away from home, checks should be made to make sure they're getting the best healthcare possible.
When a child or young person lives away from home, checks should be made to make sure their situation isn't having a negative effect on their education.
Children and young people should be checked on when in detention or prison.
Children and young people should be checked on if they're being rehabilitated away from home.
Children and young people should be checked on if they're in the juvenile justice system.
This article is a simplified version of Article 25 of the UNCRC. The full text of the Article can be found below:
States Parties recognize the right of a child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment of his or her physical or mental health, to a periodic review of the treatment provided to the child and all other circumstances relevant to his or her placement.