Article 23

If I have a disability, I have the right to special care and education.

Article 23 of the UNCRC is about children and young people with a disability.

All children and young people have the right to be safe and happy. When a child or young person has a disability, people should make sure it does not get in the way of this. They should do this no matter what that disability is.

Children and young people should be cared for in a way that takes any disabilities they have into account, and should be taught at school in a way that understands their disability.

People shouldn't treat a child or young person badly because of their disability. They shouldn't stop them from doing things they want to do, and shouldn't try to take away their rights.

Children and young people with disabilities should:

  • be able to join in with activities, and their disability shouldn't stop them from taking part
  • be able to join in and feel included at school
  • get special care if they need it.
  • be able to choose what they do, and have a say in choices about their lives.

Related articles

It's essential that all a child or young person's rights are respected if they have a disability. Because of this, all articles in the UNCRC are related to this one.

Full text

This article is a simplified version of Article 23 of the UNCRC. The full text of the Article can be found below:

1. States Parties recognize that a mentally or physically disabled child should enjoy a full and decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child's active participation in the community.
2. States Parties recognize the right of the disabled child to special care and shall encourage and ensure the extension, subject to available resources, to the eligible child and those responsible for his or her care, of assistance for which application is made and which is appropriate to the child's condition and to the circumstances of the parents or others caring for the child.
3. Recognizing the special needs of a disabled child, assistance extended in accordance with paragraph 2 of the present article shall be provided free of charge, whenever possible, taking into account the financial resources of the parents or others caring for the child, and shall be designed to ensure that the disabled child has effective access to and receives education, training, health care services, rehabilitation services, preparation for employment and recreation opportunities in a manner conducive to the child's achieving the fullest possible social integration and individual development, including his or her cultural and spiritual development.
4. States Parties shall promote, in the spirit of international cooperation, the exchange of appropriate information in the field of preventive health care and of medical, psychological and functional treatment of disabled children, including dissemination of and access to information concerning methods of rehabilitation, education and vocational services, with the aim of enabling States Parties to improve their capabilities and skills and to widen their experience in these areas. In this regard, particular account shall be taken of the needs of developing countries.


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