All children have these rights.
Article 2 of the UNCRC says that all children have the rights laid out in the Convention, and that individual children and young people shouldn't be discriminated against when these rights are realised.
Some forms of discrimination this article covers include:
- discrimination against the disabled.
Direct and indirect discrimination
Article 2 is about indirect discrimination as well as direct discrimination.
Direct discrimination happens when a person is treated differently because of the way they are— such as if someone doesn't get a job because of their gender, or isn't treated equally because of their race.
Indirect discrimination happens when a rule applies to everyone in the same way, but affects some people unfairly. For example, if there was a rule that nobody who went to an after school club would have transport provided for them, this would have more negative effects on young people with limited mobility.
Article 2 is considered a general principle of the UNCRC. This means it should be considered when thinking about any other articles in the Convention.
Other general principles of the UNCRC include:
- Article 3, which says a child or young person's best interests should always be considered
- Article 6, the right to life of children and young people
- Article 12, which says a child or young person's opinion matters.
This article is a simplified version of Article 2 of the UNCRC. The full text of the Article can be found below:
1. States Parties shall respect and ensure the rights set forth in the present Convention to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.
2. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child's parents, legal guardians, or family members.