Article 10

If you and your parents are living in different countries, you have the right to get back together and live in the same place.

Article 10 of the UNCRC says children and young people should be able to stay in contact with and visit their parents – even if they live in different countries  and that they should be able to live with their parents if possible. It also talks about the ways in which countries should make this happen.

In particular, it says that:

  • children and young people should be able to enter countries to see one or both of their parents, either permanently or as a visitor
  • children and young people should be able to enter and leave countries in order to see a parent, and a parent should be able to enter and leave a country in order to see them
  • children and young people should always be able to enter and leave their own country.

Related articles

Article 5

Article 5 talks about the responsibilities parents have for bringing up children and young people.

Article 7

Article 7 goes into more detail about the right of a child or young person to know their parents and to be cared for by them.

Article 8

Article 8 says children and young people have the right to an identity, which includes a right to relations with their parents.

Article 9

Article 9 says children and young people shouldn't be separated from their parents unless it would be in their best interests for this to happen.

Article 22

Children and young people who are refugees don't lose the right to know their parents.

Full text

This article is a simplified version of Article 10 of the UNCRC. The full text of the Article can be found below:

1. In accordance with the obligation of States Parties under article 9, paragraph 1, applications by a child or his or her parents to enter or leave a State Party for the purpose of family reunification shall be dealt with by States Parties in a positive, humane and expeditious manner. States Parties shall further ensure that the submission of such a request shall entail no adverse consequences for the applicants and for the members of their family.
2. A child whose parents reside in different States shall have the right to maintain on a regular basis, save in exceptional circumstances personal relations and direct contacts with both parents. Towards that end and in accordance with the obligation of States Parties under article 9, paragraph 1, States Parties shall respect the right of the child and his or her parents to leave any country, including their own, and to enter their own country. The right to leave any country shall be subject only to such restrictions as are prescribed by law and which are necessary to protect the national security, public order (ordre public), public health or morals or the rights and freedoms of others and are consistent with the other rights recognized in the present Convention.