Article 22 of the UNCRC is about refugees.
A child or young person is a refugee if they have had to leave their country to escape war, persecution or natural disaster. Children and young people who are refugees have the right to special protection and help whether they’ve come to Scotland with other people or not.
Refugee children and young people don’t lose any of their rights under the UNCRC just because they’ve come from one country to another. Specific things they have the right to include:
- medical treatment
The rights of refugee children and young people in Scotland are protected by the Commissioner, regardless of if they are Scottish citizens or not.
The OISC website lists the Citizen’s Advice Scotland offices on their adviser finder webpages, along with other organisations and agencies (although some of these do charge fees).
You can filter the search by location, as well as the specific type of advice you are looking for and whether to include those who charge fees.
The Scottish Refugee Council also offers advice, information and support to refugees and asylum seekers across Scotland.
IAST is a specialist Edinburgh City Council service which assists and advises individuals who have immigration related and ‘no recourse to public funds’ issues.
This includes asylum seekers, victims of human trafficking, foreign nationals who are victims of domestic violence, some EU nationals, visa overstayers, and other people subject to immigration control.
In addition, IAST undertakes transitional integration work with people who have been granted refugee status or other forms of Leave to Remain and responds to general inquiries about EU nationals. They can also assist with some applications to the Home Office.
More in the Rights questions and answers section
Relevant General Comments
Some General Comments that are relevant to Article 22 are:
- General Comment 6, on the treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside their country of origin,
- General Comment 22, on general principles around human rights of children in the context of international migration, and
- General Comment 23, on state obligations regarding human rights of children in the context of international migration.